of 1786 provided for an extension of the Rite to thirty-three Degrees,
governed in each country under a Supreme Council of the Thirty-third and
Its provisions were cited in a Manifesto at Charleston that confirmed the
first Supreme Council ever opened under these Grand Constitutions, on May
31, 1801, "by Brothers John Mitchell and Frederick Dalcho." All
regular and recognized Supreme Councils and their Subordinate Bodies today
are descended directly or collaterally from this Mother Supreme Council
of the World.
announcing its establishment to the Masonic world in that Manifesto, dated
December 4, 1802, the name was given as The Supreme Council of the Thirty-third
Degree for the United States of America. The word Scotch appeared in connection
with one of the early Supreme Council Degrees, and Scotish (sic) was included
in the name of one of the detached Degrees conferred by The Supreme Council.
name Ancient and Accepted Scottish Rite first appeared in an 1804 agreement
between the Supreme Council of France and the Grand Orient of France. Beginning
with the administration of Grand Commander Albert Pike in 1859, it came
into general use in the Southern Jurisdiction and elsewhere. Many Scottish
Masons fled to France during political upheavals in the 17th and 18th centuries,
at a time when the Degrees of the Rite were evolving in French Freemasonry.
This has caused some to think mistakenly that the Rite originated in Scotland.
Actually, however, a Supreme Council for Scotland was not established until
Grand Constitutions of 1786, in the earliest known text in the possession
of John Mitchell and Frederick Dalcho, provided for two Supreme Councils
in the United States. The Supreme Council at Charleston sent one of its
Active Members to New York and authorized him to establish in 1813 a Supreme
Council for the Northern Jurisdiction of the United States of America.
With this accomplished, The Supreme Council at Charleston in 1827 ceded
to the Northern Supreme Council the 15 states north of the Ohio and east
of the Mississippi Rivers. The Southern Supreme Council retained jurisdiction
over all other states and territories (at home and abroad) of the United
Supreme Council of the Southern Jurisdiction recognizes in its fraternal
relations 40 Supreme Councils and four National Grand Lodges practicing
the Rites that include the Scottish Rite, in different countries throughout
the world. Each regular Supreme Council has declared its general adherence
to those Grand Constitutions of 1762 and 1786, but each, being a sovereign
Masonic Body, has made variations in its Statutes to meet its own particular
needs. This is especially true as to the number of members composing a
Supreme Council. Some have retained the original limitations of nine Active
Members. In our Jurisdiction the number of Active Members is limited to
33. In other Jurisdictions larger or smaller limitations have been set.
To maintain the spirit of international unity, the Mother Supreme Council
participates in overseas conferences with other Supreme Councils.
double-headed eagle was probably first accepted as a symbol of Freemasonry
in 1758. In that year the body calling itself the Council of Emperors of
the East and West, was established in Paris. The double-headed eagle was
in all probability adopted by this body, which claimed a double jurisdiction.
The eagle, one head inclined to the East and the other to the West, to
guard any and all who might approach from either direction.
accepted symbol of our Rite is the Double-Headed Eagle of Lagash. It is
the oldest crest in the world, according to fraternal scholars and was
a symbol of power more than two thousand years before the building of King
Solomon's Temple. This impressive double-headed eagle features the white-ribboned
motto, pendant from the hilt to the point of the sword, containing the
words SPES MEA IN DEO EST, which translates My Hope Is In God.
Scottish Rite Organization supports the Scottish Rite Hospital for Children.
Please visit the website at http://www.tsrh.org/ Source: www.austinscottishrite.org