Benedictine monks wishing to perform a more strict form of observance broke
from the Abbey of Cluny to form their own order. In 1112 CE, at the age
of 21, Bernard entered the newly formed Cistercian order and very soon
became the Abbott of Clairvaux.
was said to be an excellent speaker & writer who devoted many sermons
to the Biblical book, "The Song of Songs, which many believe was penned
by King Solomon himself. Bernard had an absolute devotion to the virgin
Mary and was responsible for having her established as the mother of God
and the Queen of Heaven within the Catholic Church (1).
lived his life to the letter of the Cistercian order's rules. These rules
were later to be incorporated into the Templar's Rule of Order, which the
Council of Troyes asked Bernard, at the age of 28, to create for the Templars.
He did this and much more, as Bernard soon became the orders chief spokesman
and through his letter "In Praise of the New Knighthood" was
responsible for recruiting many men to the order.
Praise Of The New Knighthood was a letter to his good friend Hugues de
Payens, then Grand Master of the order, that was instrumental in propelling
the Templars forward in history as the most known of the monastic warriors.